1. Encourage active learning: Encouraging children to actively engage with math concepts can improve their proficiency. This can include problem-solving, asking questions, and making connections between math and the real world. (Boaler, 2016)
  2. Emphasize conceptual understanding: Focusing on the underlying concepts of math rather than just memorizing formulas and procedures can lead to better understanding and retention of math concepts. (National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, 2014)
  3. Provide opportunities for practice and feedback: Providing children with opportunities to practice math skills and receive feedback can improve their proficiency. This can include activities such as math games, worksheets, and quizzes. (Hattie & Timperley, 2007)
  4. Incorporate visual aids and manipulatives: Using visual aids and manipulatives, such as blocks or number lines, can help children better understand abstract math concepts. (Clements & Sarama, 2009)
  5. Foster a growth mindset: Encouraging a growth mindset, where children believe that their abilities can improve with effort and practice, can lead to increased motivation and perseverance in math. (Dweck, 2006)


Boaler, J. (2016). Mathematical Mindsets: Unleashing Students’ Potential through Creative Math, Inspiring Messages and Innovative Teaching. Jossey-Bass.

National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. (2014). Principles to Actions: Ensuring Mathematical Success for All. NCTM.

Hattie, J., & Timperley, H. (2007). The Power of Feedback. Review of Educational Research, 77(1), 81-112.

Clements, D. H., & Sarama, J. (2009). Learning and Teaching Early Math: The Learning Trajectories Approach. Routledge.

Dweck, C. (2006). Mindset: The New Psychology of Success. Random House.