A specific learning disability (SLD) is a neurological disorder that affects a person’s ability to acquire and use information effectively or efficiently in reading, writing, or math. According to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), an SLD is defined as “a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in the imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or to do mathematical calculations.”

Some common types of SLDs include dyslexia (reading disability), dysgraphia (writing disability), and dyscalculia (math disability). These disabilities are typically diagnosed by a trained professional through a comprehensive evaluation process.

Here are some sources that provide more information about specific learning disabilities:

  1. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke: https://www.ninds.nih.gov/Disorders/All-Disorders/Specific-Learning-Disabilities-Information-Page
  2. Learning Disabilities Association of America: https://ldaamerica.org/types-of-learning-disabilities/
  3. International Dyslexia Association: https://dyslexiaida.org/dyslexia-at-a-glance/
  4. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association: https://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/learning-disabilities/