- Positive Reinforcement: Positive reinforcement is a strategy that involves rewarding students for displaying positive behavior. This can include verbal praise, certificates, or other rewards that can motivate students to continue exhibiting positive behavior. According to a study by the National Education Association, positive reinforcement can be an effective strategy for promoting positive student behavior (NEA, 2019).
- Consistent Expectations: Schools can promote positive student behavior by establishing clear and consistent expectations for behavior. This can include a code of conduct, classroom rules, or school-wide policies that promote positive behavior. According to a study by the National Association of School Psychologists, consistent expectations can help promote a positive school climate and reduce negative behavior (NASP, 2018).
- Social-Emotional Learning: Social-emotional learning (SEL) is a process that involves developing the skills and competencies necessary to manage emotions, build relationships, and make responsible decisions. Schools can promote positive student behavior by incorporating SEL into their curriculum and providing students with opportunities to practice these skills. According to a study by the Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning, SEL can help improve student behavior and academic performance (CASEL, 2020).
- Restorative Justice: Restorative justice is an approach that emphasizes repairing harm and restoring relationships when negative behavior occurs. Schools can promote positive student behavior by implementing restorative justice practices, such as peer mediation or community circles. According to a study by the National Education Association, restorative justice can help reduce disciplinary incidents and promote positive student behavior (NEA, 2018).
- National Education Association (2019). Positive Reinforcement in the Classroom. Retrieved from https://www.nea.org/advocating-for-change/new-from-nea/positive-reinforcement-classroom
- National Association of School Psychologists (2018). Consistent Expectations for Positive Behavior. Retrieved from https://www.nasponline.org/resources-and-publications/resources-and-podcasts/school-climate-safety-and-crisis/positive-behavioral-supports/consistent-expectations-for-positive-behavior
- Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning (2020). What is SEL? Retrieved from https://casel.org/what-is-sel/
- National Education Association (2018). Restorative Justice in Schools. Retrieved from https://www.nea.org/advocating-for-change/new-from-nea/restorative-justice-schools